Copenhagen School of Design and Technology


Systematic product development

Danish title
Systematisk produktudvikling
Study programme
Production Technology
Type of education
Full time education
Level of education
Academy Profession
1. semester
Duration of the subject/module
1 week
Programme elements
Danish and English
Start time
Lygten 16, København NV
Subject number
Responsible for the subject(s)/modul(es)
Kim Vulff Apitz
Dina Jacobsen
Jon Emil Stenz
Morten Kjær Stovegaard
  • Purpose and learning objectives

    Case 1 with the subtitle Systematic Product Development is an assignment covering 3 core areas from the PRT curriculum; Product Development (PD), Construction (CON) and Materials and Mass Production (MMP).​​​​​​​


    According to an EU directive from 2018, it becomes mandatory to recycle 60% of our household waste by 2030.[1] From July 1st, 2021, new rules apply for sorting waste in all the country's municipalities. Everyone must sort 9 types of waste, e.g., food, food containers and plastic. Later, the number rises to 10, when textiles also must be sorted.[2]

    The upcoming regulations on recycling household waste will have great impact on all citizens in Denmark, who, particularly in the City of Copenhagen with a high population density, already experience recurrent frustrations due to limited living space.

    Overall, the implementation of the initiative calls for a solution, which initially requires a market research defining a target group. The data collection is aimed at the end user and, as such, has it’s focus set on determining needs and key features for the development of a new physical product.

    In the solution, which in this case is non-computerized (no CAD), an assembly/mounting unit must be incorporated for manual stress calculation.




    The student will gain knowledge about the practice of the profession and the subject area as well as key applied theory and methods in:

    • systematic development of products, processes and services
    • idea generation
    • needs analysis
    • understanding of market and business principles, including knowledge gathering and data processing
    • aesthetics and design
    • visualisation
    • problem formulation and requirement specifications

    The student will gain knowledge about:

    the practice of the profession and the subject area as well as key applied theory and methods, including:

    • statics and the science of the strength of materials
    • dimensioning of constructions

    The student will gain knowledge about the practice of the profession and the subject area as well as key applied theory and methods, including:

    physical properties of and suitable manufacturing processes for:
    • metals, particularly steel and aluminium
    • plastic, elastomers and composites
    • wood
    • ceramics
    • new materials.


    The student will get the skills to:

    apply the key methodologies and tools of the subject area as well as the skills associated with employment in the industry, including:

    • outlining the product and the process
    • performing functional analyses.

    assess practice-orientated issues and suggest and select possible solutions involving:
    • knowledge of market and needs
    • stakeholder and user perspectives.

    communicate practice-orientated issues and solutions to partners and users, including:
    • listing and selecting ideas in a concept proposal

    The student will get the skills to apply the key methodologies and tools of the subject area as well as the skills associated with employment in the industry, including:

    • calculation of estimates on statically determined constructions
    • identification of the various forms of tension arising in a load-bearing construction

    The student will get the skills to apply the key methodologies and tools of the subject area as well as the skills associated with employment in the industry, including:

    the use of databases/reference books for the provision of data on materials, including
    • physical properties
    • manufacturing processes
    • environment/sustainability.

    assess practice-orientated issues and suggest and select possible solutions, including:

    • selection of materials based on their properties and design requirements

  • Type of instruction
    Case work and group work
  • Exam

    The learning outcomes of the exam are identical with the learning outcomes of the subject(s)/modul(es)

    Exam in one or more subjects
    Subject/module is tested with the following modules
    Type of exam
    Written examination
    Part-exam A in the first semester consists of a number of written portfolio assignments which together form the basis for the assessment of the part-exam. KEA will set a deadline by when all portfolio assignments must be submitted. It is a requirement that all portfolio assignments must be passed individually with a grade of 02 as a minimum.

    The individual portfolio assignments are weighted in the overall assessment according to the number of ECTS points of the course. This course is weighted 14/30 (7+7).

    The grade for the individual portfolio assignments and the resulting grade for part-exam A are communicated to the student. Only the overall grade for the first-year exam will appear on the diploma.

    If portfolio assignments are submitted immediately after completion of the course, the student(s) will receive feedback on the assignment. There will be no feedback on portfolio assignments submitted later than the first deadline for submission. Deadlines for submission with feedback will appear on KEA's learning platform at the beginning of the semester.
    Formal requirements
    The report must comply with the following criterias:

    Max. 10 actual pages (A4), text and graphics equally represented, i.e. max 5 written pages x 2400 = 12.000 characters incl. spaces
    At least half of the report must consist of graphical illustrations, such as tables, diagrams, sketches, drawings, graphs, calculations and images.
    Use an easily readable font in size 12

    Exceeding the rapport extent (see above) can affect the grade. If the difference is significant, - ie more than 25% - then formal requirements are not observed and it could result in a rejection of the project.

    Please note that the projects will be checked for plagiarised content. Plagiarised content also includes the reuse of more than one sentence from your previous projects unless the source is clearly stated.

    Upload a 10 pages report (pdf file) in WISEflow
    Present a quantified labour division of the workload on the last slide of the group presentation
    Individual exam or group exam
    Individual or group, 1-6 max participants
    Exam languages
    The exam is based on an oral 10 minutes group presentation.

    In the presentation, we expect to see a visually coherent and well-documented presentation that conveys the group's decision process, documenting relevant aspects from the development process, the systematic selection of materials, as well as the statics and strength calculations of critical points in your construction.

    The oral plenary presentation is followed by a 15 minutes individual examination. In this time frame questioning, votation, and a brief feedback is included.

    Grades will be given on WISEflow.
    Type of evaluation
    7-point grading scale
    Internal censure
    Exam criteria
    Your report - and presentation - should include the following topics:

    Product Development
    Problem formulation.
    Data collection - including user observation.
    Needs analysis and key insights.
    Personas and moodboards, providing a contextual understanding of the solution.
    Functional analysis based on user needs.
    PDS with specifications on demands and wishes defining the solution space.
    Highlights of the ideation process in the form of perspective drawings and explanatory detail descriptions.
    An MMI analysis based on the interaction between the user and the product.
    Systematic selection of the final concept consisting of concept screening, criteria weighting and concept scoring.
    2 physical concept models of which you validate with the user by getting feedback for the concept selection.
    Choosing a "simple" part, that is affected by different loads.
    Establishing a Free Body Diagram (FBD) for one or more selected items.
    Drawings of Q- and M-diagrams for the selected elements.
    Calculations of Cross Section proporties on selected elements.
    Calculations of stresses in selected cuts.​​​​
    Materials (and Manufacturing Processes)
    Comment and explain your material selection by using material database program CES, on a consideration of different material properties.
    Comment and explain your material selection process from a strength of material point of view.
hours of teaching
hours of preparation
The figure shows the extent of workload related to the subject divided into different study activities.

In the subject Systematic product development you will receive 119 hours of instruction, which corresponds to 158 lessons (1 lesson = 45 min.) and 31% of your total workload for the subject.

The teaching primarily consists of the following activities: classroom teaching, exercises, group work, cases.
The preparation primarily consists of the following activities: reading your own notes, reading the curriculum, group work, collecting empiricism, searching for information.

Read about KEAs Study Activity Model

*KEA can deviate from the number of hours if this is justified by special circumstances