Copenhagen School of Design and Technology


Material science and strength of materials 2

Danish title
Styrkelære og Materialevalg 2
Study programme
Production Technology
Type of education
Full time education
Level of education
Academy Profession
2. semester
Duration of the subject/module
1 semester
Programme elements
Danish and English
Start time
Guldbergsgade 29 N, København N
Subject number
Responsible for the subject(s)/modul(es)
Kim Vulff Apitz
Ahmed Adil Albayati
Dina Jacobsen
  • Purpose and learning objectives

    Strength and material selection consist of: 1. Cross section properties, 2. Normal- and shear stresses, and 3. Metal and non-metal selection.


    The student will gain knowledge about:
    • the practice of the profession and the subject area as well as key applied theory and methods, including:
    o (2) surface and heat treatment of various materials
    o (2) choice of materials in a sustainability perspective
    o (2) materials testing.
    • practice and key applied theories and methods as well as the profession’s use of theories and methods, including:
    o (2) material properties and their implications for a product development process

    The student will gain knowledge about: • the practice of the profession and the subject area as well as key applied theory and methods, including:
    o (2) commonly used machine elements and concepts
    o (2) 3D models and basic FEM analysis (Finite Element Method)
    o (2) risk analysis
    • practice and key applied theories and methods as well as the profession’s use of theories and methods, including:
    o (2) product dimensioning and its influence on other decision-making in a development process
    o (2) tolerancing and its impact on manufacturing processes, the price and use of a product.


    The student will get the skills to:
    • assess practice-orientated issues and suggest and select possible solutions, including:
    o (2) identification of relevant material properties in relation to the function of a product and subsequent assessment and selection of suitable materials
    o (2) assessment of the relationship between materials, manufacturing processes and sustainability
    o (2) assessment of materials and manufacturing process from an environmental perspective
    o (2) recommendation of manufacturing processes based on realisability.
    • communicate practice-orientated issues and solutions to partners and users in relation to materials and manufacturing processes.

    The student will get the skills to:
    • apply the key methodologies and tools of the subject area as well as the skills associated with employment in the industry, including:
    o (2) identification of critical points in a construction, strength calculation and dimensioning of a construction.
    • assess practice-orientated issues and suggest and select possible solutions, including:
    o (2) demonstration of a practical sense of the design of physical products in relation to material strength
    o (2) incorporation of standard solutions in construction design
    o (2) calculation and determination of relevant tolerances for a given construction.
    • communicate practice-orientated issues and solutions to partners and users, including:
    o (2) a well-structured account of dimensioning and construction solutions
    o (2) application of commonly used IT tools for the acquisition of knowledge, data processing, documentation and presentation.


    The student will learn to: • manage development-orientated situations, including:
    o (2) contributing to the choice of materials and manufacturing processes based on a holistic understanding of the realisable manufacture of the product/service.
    • participate in academic and interdisciplinary cooperation based on a professional approach, including:
    o (2) interdisciplinary cooperation on the selection of materials and manufacturing processes taking into account the framework provided by the other core areas.
    • acquire new knowledge, skills and competencies

    The student will learn to:
    • manage development-orientated situations, including:
    o (2) incorporation of inputs from and outputs to the other subject areas in their work, taking into account in particular:
    • the choice of material
    • producibility
    • assembly
    • function(ality).
    • participate in academic and interdisciplinary cooperation based on a professional approach, including:
    o (2) engaging in interdisciplinary cooperation on the dimensioning of simple statically determined constructions.
    • acquire new knowledge, skills and competencies in relation to the profession in a structured context.

  • Type of instruction
    The teaching is based on a project description related to the semester. The content in the teaching is based on, that the learning activities are linked to the project work and supported by classroom teaching and exercises. Exercises can consist of both internal and group work.
  • Exam

    The learning outcomes of the exam are identical with the learning outcomes of the subject(s)/modul(es)

    Exam in one or more subjects
    Subject/module is tested with the following modules
    The second semester centres on a coherent project divided into two project periods. The
    objective is to develop a new product comprising at least two moving parts and the associated production apparatus. The first project period is devoted to product development and design. It is during this period that you develop the actual product. The second period covers the areas of production and business, and requires you to build up the company and production plant.

    The work is carried out in groups of 3–5 students and involves the business community as far as possible.

    The project begins with the preparation and submission of a synopsis, which has to be approved by the teachers’ group. Once approved, it serves as the problem area for the project. See FRONTER for guidelines about how to lay out the synopsis.
    Synopsis is not a compulsory element of the education, and lack of submission therefore does not cost an exam attempt. However, it is an important working document that we strongly recommend that you prepare. If the group has failed to prepare a synopsis, the group is not entitled to project guidance.
    The synopsis is used as the final basis for the assessment of the project's quality and final approval. Approval takes place immediately after the delivery in connection with. 'Evaluations synopsis'. The completed synopsis must include an overall project plan.
    The synopsis must cover no more than three normal pages – for both group and individual presentation. Use the template on FRONTER and make sure to include the following:

    • Purpose
    • Problem formulation
    • Context/empirical foundation
    • Methodological and theoretical considerations
    • Tentative conclusion
    • In addition synopsis must contain an overall project plan.

    For the mid-term evaluation, you will be required to present your conclusions from the first half of the assignment.

    • Justify the project and the need it covers.
    • Give a brief presentation of your research on the basis of qualitative and quantitative data.
    • Report on competitors.
    • Present your function analysis and PDS.
    • Lay out a few important sketches, using them to demonstrate the value of the project to
    the target group and explain how it differs from those of your competitors.
    • Quantify your project. As a minimum, state the expected market share, production volume,
    production price, sales price, and anticipated sales in number of units.
    • Present at least 2 physical concept models
    • Show how you systematically have chosen which concept to detail and concretise further in
    the second phase of the assignment.
    • Present your original and revised project plan for the first project period.
    • Present a provisional project plan for the second project period. (The project must be
    designed as a main project with sub-projects inserted in the form of subsidiary
    • Present a quantified labour division

    Finally, you have to submit the full project report including both phases.
    All evaluations are open to all your fellow students, unless special agreements with companies apply.

    The teachers continuously assess attendance, input and assignments submitted with a view to ensuring that all students are actively involved in the programme.
    Type of exam
    Combined written and oral examination
    Formal requirements
    The report must be based on an approved synopsis
    -Max. 50 actual pages, including graphics (front page, table of contents and source
    reference/bibliography does not count)
    -Use an easily readable font in size 12
    • Title page presenting the following information:
    • Title of the report
    • Your full name(s)
    • The school name and logo
    • The names of the associated teachers/supervisors
    • Number of characters in the report, including spaces.
    • For assignments that stem from companies – or which are closely linked to a given
    company – the title page must also state the name of the company, as well as the
    name and email address of a contact at the company.
    -Exceeding the rapport extent (see above) can affect the grade. If the difference is significant, - is more than 25% - then formal requirements are not observed and it could result in a rejection of the project.
    -Projects are generally expected to have numerous relations to the business community, so it is important that you CLEARLY reference company association on the title page, and state
    whether the report may or may NOT be made public. See the section concerning publication.
    -It is expected that reports will feature elements of visual communication including sketches,
    figures, diagrams and so on.
    -Please note that the projects will be checked for plagiarised content. Plagiarised content also includes the reuse of more than one sentence from your previous projects unless the source is clearly stated.
    -Reports and synopses must be saved in PDF format and uploaded under “Besvarelse”
    (Answers) in WISEflow.
    NB: The maximum file size cannot exceed 25 MB – and appendices should be gathered in a
    combined PDF file with a table of content as the first page. Excel and Microsoft Project
    formats are exceptions, which are submitted in their original version. Appendices are not
    taken into account of the assessment of the report.
    -Reports uploaded as PDF image files will not be accepted. This means that text and tables
    must be able to be edited, scanned and marked in the uploaded pdf format.
    -For group submissions, makes sure that all group members submit the material in the relevant flows. The names of all group members must be stated on the title page or other form of front page.
    Individual exam or group exam
    Individual or group, 1-6 participants
    Exam languages
    Danish (Norwegian/Swedish)
    • Presentation: 5 min./stud. when 4 or more
    • Presentation: 15 min. when 3 students or less
    • Eksamination time: 20 min./stud., incl. grading
    • Changing between groups: 5 min.
    Type of evaluation
    7-point grading scale
    External censure
    Deadline for submission
    The deadline for submission is 12:00 on the dates stated on the semester plan. Failure to
    submit work within deadlines may result in projects not being approved and evaluated.
  • Preliminary literature list
    This is a preliminary literature list. A final literature list will be provided in connection with study start.
    Kim Vulff Apitz (2018) - Statics & Strength of Materials
hours of teaching
hours of preparation
The figure shows the extent of workload related to the subject divided into different study activities.

In the subject Material science and strength of materials 2 you will receive 51 hours of instruction, which corresponds to 68 lessons (1 lesson = 45 min.) and 25% of your total workload for the subject.

The teaching primarily consists of the following activities: classroom teaching, exercises, group work, company visits, project work.
The preparation primarily consists of the following activities: reading your own notes, reading the curriculum.

Read about KEAs Study Activity Model

*KEA can deviate from the number of hours if this is justified by special circumstances